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Autors Tēma: Šizotipija un ģēnijs  (Lasīts 2221 reizes)

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Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« : Augusts 14, 2015 »

Zinātnieki ir pierādījuši, ka cilvēkiem, kas diagnozēti ar šizotipiju piemīt gan augstāka kreativitāte, gan intelekts, nekā parastam cilvēkam. Tiek uzskatīts, ka liela daļa ģēniju bija šizotipiski. Piemēram, Einšteins, Ņūtons un Nīče ir klasificēti kā šizotipiski no vairākiem neatkarīgiem psihologiem.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050907101907.htm

Citāts
These images summarize the results of near infrared spectroscopy scans of schizotypes, schizophrenics and normal controls during divergent thinking tasks. Image (a) illustrates where the probe holder was placed for the brain scan. Image (b) shows the increase in oxyhemoglobin, which corresponds to an increase in brain activity, that occurred in both the right and left hemispheres of all three groups. Image (c) shows the increase in oxyhemoglobin in the right hemisphere of schizotypes compared to normal controls, while image (d) illustrates the much greater activation in schizotypes over schizophrenics. Image (e), which compares the different reaction of schizophrenics and normal controls, shows no difference between the two groups.


Often viewed as a hindrance, having a quirky or sociallyawkward approach to lifemay be the key to becoming a great artist,composer or inventor.

New research on individuals withschizotypal personalities – people characterized by odd behavior andlanguage but who are not psychotic or schizophrenic – offers the firstneurological evidence that they are more creative than either normal orfully schizophrenic individuals, and rely more heavily on the rightsides of their brains than the general population to access theircreativity.

The work by Vanderbilt psychologists Brad Folley andSohee Park was published online last week by the journal SchizophreniaResearch.

Psychologists believe that a number of famous creativeluminaries, including Vincent Van Gogh, Albert Einstein, EmilyDickinson and Isaac Newton, had schizotypal personalities.

"Theidea that schizotypes have enhanced creativity has been out there for along time but no one has investigated the behavioral manifestations andtheir neural correlates experimentally," Folley says. "Our paper isunique because we investigated the creative process experimentally andwe also looked at the blood flow in the brain while research subjectswere undergoing creative tasks."

Folley and Park conducted twoexperiments to compare the creative thinking processes of schizotypes,schizophrenics and normal control subjects. In the first experiment,the researchers showed research subjects a variety of household objectsand asked them to make up new functions for them. The results showedthat the schizotypes were better able to creatively suggest new usesfor the objects, while the schizophrenics and average subjectsperformed similarly to one another.

"Thought processes forindividuals with schizophrenia are often very disorganized, almost tothe point where they can’t really be creative because they cannot getall of their thoughts coherent enough to do that," Folley observes."Schizotypes, on the other hand, are free from the severe, debilitatingsymptoms surrounding schizophrenia and also have an enhanced creativeability."

In the second experiment, the three groups again wereasked to identify new uses for everyday objects as well as to perform abasic control task while the activity in their prefrontal lobes wasmonitored using a brain scanning techniques called near-infraredoptical spectroscopy. The brain scans showed that all groups used bothbrain hemispheres for creative tasks, but that the activation of theright hemispheres of the schizotypes was dramatically greater than thatof the schizophrenic and average subjects, suggesting a positivebenefit of schizotypy.

"In the scientific community, the popularidea that creativity exists in the right side of the brain is thoughtto be ridiculous, because you need both hemispheres of your brain tomake novel associations and to perform other creative tasks," Folleysays. "We found that all three groups, schizotypes, schizophrenics andnormal controls, did use both hemispheres when performing creativetasks. But the brain scans of the schizotypes showed a hugely increasedactivation of the right hemisphere compared to the schizophrenics andthe normal controls."

The researchers believe that the resultsoffer support for the idea that schizotypes and other psychoses-pronepopulations draw on the left and right sides of their brainsdifferently than the average population, and that this bilateral use ofthe brain for a variety of tasks may be related to their enhancedcreativity.

In support of this theory, Folley points to researchby Swiss neuroscientist Peter Brugger who found that everydayassociations, such as recognizing the car key on your keychain, andverbal abilities are controlled by the left hemisphere while novelassociations, such as finding a new use for a object or navigating anew place, are controlled by the right hemisphere.

Bruggerhypothesized that schizotypes should make novel associations fasterbecause they are better at accessing both hemispheres – a predictionthat was verified in a subsequent study. His theory can also explainresearch which shows that a disproportional number of schizotypes andschizophrenics are neither right nor left hand dominant, but insteaduse both hands for a variety of tasks, suggesting that they recruitboth sides of their brains for a variety of tasks more so than theaverage person.

"The lack of specialization for certain tasks inbrain hemispheres could be seen as a liability, but the increasedcommunication between the hemispheres actually could provide addedcreativity," Folley says.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #1 : Augusts 14, 2015 »

Evolucionārais biologs Robert Sapolsky uzskata, ka šizotipija ir cēlusies no šamaņiem:

Citāts
In the 1930s an anthropologist named Paul Radin first described it as "shamans being half mad," shamans being "healed madmen." This fits exactly. It's the shamans who are moving separate from everyone else, living alone, who talk with the dead, who speak in tongues, who go out with the full moon and turn into a hyena overnight, and that sort of stuff. It's the shamans who have all this metamagical thinking. When you look at traditional human society, they all have shamans. What's very clear, though, is they all have a limit on the number of shamans. That is this classic sort of balanced selection of evolution. There is a need for this subtype — but not too many.
The critical thing with schizotypal shamanism is, it is not uncontrolled the way it is in the schizophrenic. This is not somebody babbling in tongues all the time in the middle of the hunt. This is someone babbling during the right ceremony. This is not somebody hearing voices all the time, this is somebody hearing voices only at the right point. It's a milder, more controlled version.
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S.R.

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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #2 : Augusts 14, 2015 »

Un ko praktisku ssie spriedeleejumi dod ssizo slimniekiem?
Tas, ka genialitaate no aarpraata ir viena solja attaalumaa pilniigi neko nespeej paliidzeet peedeejiem. Kaa likvideet sso nelielo attaalumu?
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #3 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

S.R. tas nav šī pētījuma points. Jā, ģēnijam jābūt nedaudz ārprātīgam, bet ne galīgi. Šis pētījums to pierādija. Šizotipiju nevar pilnībā uzksatīt par diagnozi, - šiem cilvēkiem ir krietni augstāka smadzeņu aktivitāte labajā puslodē, kas manifestējas kā augstāks radošums un intelekts.
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S.R.

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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #4 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

Tas ir skaidrs. Lai geeniji rada. Bet ko dariit nabaga pavisam vaajpraatiigajiem, tas gan nav skaidrs.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #5 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

^ Tam nav nekāda sakara ar šo tēmu  :)

Esmu gatavs postulēt, ka lielā mērā par zinātnes progresu jāpateicas tieši šizotipiķiem.
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S.R.

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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #6 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

Reiz dziivoja taads Tas Pats, vinjss arii sseit meta teemas par kuraam pats taa arii neko nevareeja pateikt.
Jauku dienu.

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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #7 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

TaPa vija vienreizējs. Nezinu, kāpēc tu attiecini viņu uz mani? hmm.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #8 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

Tas nav par teemu. :))
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S.R.

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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #9 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

^ Tam nav nekāda sakara ar šo tēmu  :)

Esmu gatavs postulēt, ka lielā mērā par zinātnes progresu jāpateicas tieši šizotipiķiem.
tas, ka gjeenijiem smadzenes funkcionee liidziigi ssizo veel nenoziimee ka tos var novienaadot.
Neviens aarsts nevar pateikt kur un kaapeec rodaas diagnoze-ssizofreenija taapat aciimredzot nevar izskaidrot gjenialitaates ceeloni.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #10 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

Tur jau tā lieta, ka šizotipiķiem un šizofrēniķiem smadzenes funkcionē kardināli atšķirīgi. Šizofrēniķiem smadzeņu aktivitāte ir līdzīgāka parastiem cilvēkiem.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #11 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

Orc trauceejumi ir un paliek trauceejumi. Cik saprotu, ssizotipikji ir cilveeki ar uzvediibas trauceejumiem.
Pat ja ssie trauceejymi ir veerojami daudziem gjeniaaliem cilveekiem tas nekaadi un neko nepieraada. Slimiibas ir jaarstee. Vai ar taam jaasadziivo. Parasti gan jaasadziivo.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #12 : Augusts 15, 2015 »

No kā tu viņus ārstēsi? No ģeniāla radošuma un augstāka intelekta?  :D
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #13 : Augusts 16, 2015 »

Atvaino, novirzes ko sauc par ssizotipiju ne vienmeer un noteikti pat vairumaa gadiijumu nav komplektaa ar genialitaati un izcilu intelektu. Tas ir jaaieveero.
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Re: Šizotipija un ģēnijs
« Atbilde #14 : Augusts 16, 2015 »

Ar ģenialitāti komplektā varbūt arī ne vienmēr (jo tur vajag ne tikai attiecīgas smadzenes, bet arī reālu praksi un treniņu attiecīgajā jomā), bet ar krietni augstāku kreativitāti/radošumu nekā vidējam cilvim gan vienmēr (kā parāda tie smdzeņu skani).
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